The UN and the rise of China

Taiwan was excluded from the organization with a vote in 1971 at the United Nations and the China became a permanent member. This vote was an important step that led not only Taiwan but also the rise of communist China.

Chinese President Xi Jinping celebrated his country's 50th anniversary at the United Nations with a speech calling for greater global cooperation.

The decision of the government of the People's Republic of China to recognize its representatives as China's sole legitimate representatives at the UN is a "victory for China" Xi said in a video conference speech on Monday.

Tensions between China and Taiwan have been rising in recent months. The entry of Chinese warplanes into Taiwan's air defense zone caused the tension between the two countries to reach the worst level in the last 40 years.

Chinese President Xi Jinping and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres held a video conference meeting on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China's attainment of its legitimate position in the United Nations. Xi underlined that history has proven time and again that no matter how powerful it is, it is impossible for a country to control other countries and dominate the world with hegemonic methods.

Guterres, on the other hand, reminded that the People's Republic of China regained its legitimate position in the UN 50 years ago and said that he congratulated China.

Pointing out that China's development brings opportunities to the world, Guterres emphasized that he thanked China for always insisting on multilateralism, supporting the work of the UN, and playing important roles for world peace and development. 

Guterres continued: “The international community needs to strengthen solidarity and cooperation, promote multilateralism, improve global governance, and place greater emphasis on justice and equity. Unilateralism is never acceptable.”

THE VOTING IN THE UN AND THE RISE OF CHINA

China was a founding member of the UN as the Republic of China before the government was overthrown by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Later, the rulers of the Republic of China fled to Taiwan. Taiwan lost its seat in the UN after the People's Republic of China was admitted as a permanent member of the UN Security Council in 1971.

Although Taiwan claims to be a free and independent country, China views Taiwan as a separatist. It is also argued that under China's "One China" policy, there is only one sovereign Chinese government and Taiwan will one day be reunited with the mainland.

Bilateral representation at the UN has previously been brought up as a potential solution. But it was rejected by both Beijing and Taipei. "There is no place for patriots and traitors to coexist" said Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the defeated Nationalists, in 1961.

The vote, in which China was admitted to the UN and Taiwan was excluded, helped shape China's rise as a world power. It also gave China the right to participate in the UN bureaucracy and shape UN resolutions.

Taiwan, under pressure from Beijing, has been excluded from major institutions such as the World Health Organization and increasingly isolated diplomatically.

CHINA'S PLACE IN THE UN

China's role in the UN has continued to grow since it joined the organization in 1971.

In 2018, China became one of the largest financial contributors to the UN. Its contribution to the UN budget increased from 7.9 percent in 2018 to 12 percent in 2019. This put it in second place after the USA with 22 percent.

In recent years, Chinese officials have been appointed in key roles such as the Chairman of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and their effectiveness within the organization has been increased.

China has also been accused by critics of using its influence within the organization to garner support for its treatment of Uighurs in Xinjiang province.

Hua Chunying, spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, said that in the 50 years since China regained its legitimate seat in the UN, it has maintained the international order with the UN at its center, followed international rules based on the UN Charter, and respected the UN's central role in international affairs. .

The spokesperson said, “China has participated in 29 peacekeeping operations with more than 50,000 soldiers, making it the country that has sent the most soldiers to these operations among the permanent members of the UN Security Council. Supporting the UN's sustainable development agenda, China reached its poverty reduction target 10 years early. The population liberated from poverty made up 70 percent of the world's total. The largest-scale emergency humanitarian action in Chinese history has been launched in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. China provides the COVID-19 vaccine as a global public product."

He also added that China will continue to support the UN for the purpose of building a partnership of destiny for humanity.